Friday, May 15, 2020

Pros And Cons Of Lowering The Drinking Age - 1822 Words

Although not always the case, the legal drinking age in the United States is 21 years old. However, the minimum legal drinking age drastically varies across the rest of the globe, with some countries allowing legal alcohol consumption before individuals have even turned 18 years old. Since the legal drinking age was changed to 21 years, it has been a controversial issue in the United States. For decades, there have been debates on the pros and cons of lowering the legal age. In fact, there have even been brief periods of time in history where the age has been lowered. Nonetheless, these trial periods have often failed and have only further displayed the need for the minimum legal drinking age to be kept at 21 years. Arguments from both†¦show more content†¦These proponent and opponent groups of Americans are normally made up based on their political ideology, personal drinking habits, and education level (Jones, 2014). These statistics clearly show that a majority of the nat ion, regardless of political, personal, and educational reasons, agree with the current minimum legal drinking age law and any evidence that backs up the law. However, in other countries the issue is not always as clear. For example, in the United Kingdom the legal purchasing age is 18, but adolescents aged 16-17 are able to drink certain types of alcohol with their meals if it is bought by an adult (Healey, Rahman, Faizai, Kinderman, 2014). The issue here becomes whether this can cause confusion of when drinking is acceptable among adolescents and young adults, possibly leading to elevated levels of underage drinking. This could also lead to questioning of the term adult. An 18-year-old is considered an adult and is able to buy alcohol. By these standards, this could mean that an 18-year-old could potentially buy alcohol for minors, which would be concerning. Perhaps this is one of the reasons the UK reported higher intoxication rates, intoxication in the last 30-days, and intoxic ation before the age of 13 when compared to the United States (Healey, Rahman, Faizai, Show MoreRelatedChallenging The Legal Drinking Age1689 Words   |  7 PagesMackenzie Schultz Mrs. Hamilton AP English Language 25 July 2014 Challenging the Legal Drinking Age The Minimum Legal Drinking Age (MLDA) has been challenged since the passing of the National Minimum Drinking Age Act of 1984 that raised the drinking age to twenty-one in all fifty states (Ogilvie). Advocates for lowering the MLDA to eighteen years of age argue that this change will eliminate the thrill of breaking the law for young adults entering college and boost the national economy. SupportersRead MoreDrinking At 18 Legal Or Not949 Words   |  4 PagesDrinking at 18 legal or not Changing the drinking age from 21 to 18 has been a controversial argument for many years now, Even though every states legal drinking age is 21 there is some states that make certain exceptions in some situations. There is many pros and cons to changing this such as a good thing is some 18 year olds may not binge drink as they do when they turn 21. If 18-20 year olds are allowed to drink in supervised locations such as bars and restaurants it would be a much safer environmentRead MoreLowering The Drinking Age From 21 Essay1214 Words   |  5 PagesUnderage drinking. It’s all the rage in this generation. Youths everywhere are subjecting themselves to excessive amounts of alcohol at illegal ages, and the consequences are evident all around us. Every year over 5,000 kids under the age of 21 die from alcohol abuse, 1 in 5 10th graders will resort to binge drinking, and alcohol continues to damage developing teen brains (Let’s Stop Teen Drinking Tragedies). While they ma y not be seen in night clubs in bars, people between the ages of 18 and 21Read MoreIncrease in the Legal Drinking Age870 Words   |  3 PagesAnother reason why the legal drinking age was changed is because of the fact that the adolescent brain is not fully developed; it is supposed that â€Å"excessive alcohol intake causes brain damage† in teens. However, in order for damage to occur, the drinking has to be extremely excessive. If there are only a few of these extreme bingeing â€Å"episodes,† they do no harm to the adolescent brain (Minimum Drinking Age). David J. Hanson, a professor at the University of New York at Potsdam, states, â€Å"There’sRead MoreEssay on Federal Highway Policy714 Words   |  3 PagesPolicy: Minimum Legal Drinking Age Ashley Miller American National Government Mark Ladd February 17, 2014 The Minimum Legal Drinking Age (MLDA) laws were created in the US after the Prohibition in 1933. AT this time, many states set the MLDA at 21. When the voting age was lowered to 18 in 1971, many states also lowered their drinking age to 18 or 19 (Fell, 2009). After the lowering, the amount of alcohol related accidents involving young adults age 18 to 20 had dramaticallyRead MoreLowering the Drinking Age1223 Words   |  5 Pagesâ€Å"What we’re doing now to prevent underage drinking isn’t working; it’s time to try something else.† Although many people argue that the National Minimum Drinking Age Act of 1964, which lowed the drinking age from eighteen to twenty one, was a good idea. David J Hanson a professor in the State University of New York believed that something needs to be done to make the United States a safer place to live. Is it fair that people in the United States can serve in the military, vote in elections, serveRead MoreLowering The Drinkin g Age From Twenty857 Words   |  4 PagesAt eighteen years of age a teenager becomes an adult. They can choose to move out of their parents home, vote, marry, joining the military and buy tobacco and lottery tickets, but it isn’t illegal to purchase alcohol. However, in twenty-nine states it is legal to consume alcohol at eighteen, but not to purchase alcohol. Becoming an adult has many responsibilities; therefore, citizens should be able to drink at eighteen. The United States should lower the drinking age from twenty-one to eighteen becauseRead MoreThe Smoking Age Should Be Legal Drinking Age1517 Words   |  7 Pagesrequiring you to be over the age of 21 to consume alcoholic beverages. This law has proved itself by saving many lives and overall just having a positive outcome in the community. People say that no matter what the age limit is kids will still drink? I completely disagree, believe it or not there’s endless ways in which it can be prevented while the d rinking age remains 21. Parents make a big difference and can prevent this from happening and I have to agree 100% that the drinking age has saved hundreds ofRead MoreControversial Analysis: Drinking Age1278 Words   |  6 PagesCarolina Quiroga April 02, 2012 Leslie Jones English 102 The Drinking Age and Young Adults. Because underage drinking is a major problem for young adults, the drinking age has become a very controversial issue. In the 1990s, the drinking age was 18, but it was changed to 21 in 1984. The Federal Government informed states to choose between raising the drinking age to 21 or foregoing highway funding. This decision obviously affected 18 to 20 year olds who could no longer buy alcoholic beveragesRead MoreBang! A Soldier Just Got Shot, And Most Likely P Never1676 Words   |  7 Pagesfreedom of drinking? The drinking age was moved to the age of 21 in 1984 due to many drunk drivers. Now I think everyone gets the point not to drink and drive due to the serious consequences. If we lowered the drinking age underage drinking wouldn’t be as big. More money for our government will be made, therefore we can buy and reproduce more goods. The drinking age should be lowered, because it will stop binge drinking, you are considered an adult at age 18, and it helps colleges. Binge Drinking is when

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Radical And The Republican - 1235 Words

The Radical and The Republican, by James Oakes In the book, The Radical and the Republican, was a very interesting, informative read. It made me actually picture myself during that era, and feel how the main people in the book were so passionate about slavery. It focused on the attitudes and the political stand points of Abraham Lincoln, and Frederick Douglass, towards the issue on slavery and the emancipation of slaves. James Oake’s portrayal of both men was extremely positive. He went into detail about their politics and their reasons behind their public positions, regarding slavery. â€Å"Their minds worked differently. Though they both hated slavery, they both hated it in different ways and not always for the same reasons. Their†¦show more content†¦Even with their different reasons, â€Å"by 1858 Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass were saying the same thing, preaching the same antislavery politics. Liberty or Slavery must become law of the Land† (Ibid., p.5) A major difference betwe en Lincoln and Douglass were their views on the Constitution. Douglass changed his views about the Constitution; at one point he believed it was a proslavery document and then he changed his opinion to believe it was an anti-slavery document. Lincoln never changed his opinions about the Constitution. â€Å"Lincoln saw the Constitution as neither a clarion call to abolition on a proslavery scandal. It was a compromise. It recognized slavery, but only out of necessity and only three times†. (Ibid., p.63) Lincoln believed in the founding fathers and believed that they had envisioned and end to slavery in the future of the then-fledgling United States. He also believed they had to make concessions to allow for the formation of the Union. â€Å"Unlike Frederick Douglass, Lincoln did not claim those concessions had not been made. He accepted them, but that didn’t mean he liked them.† (Ibid., p 63) Another major difference between Lincoln and Douglass was in the idea of colonization. Lincoln believed in setting colonies with emancipated slaves in Central America. â€Å"He always supported colonization, and in August ofShow MoreRelatedThe Radical And The Republican Essay960 Words   |  4 Pagesthe book, The Radical and the Republican: Fredrick Douglass, Abraham Lincoln, and the triumph of Antislavery Politics, written by James Oakes connected the politics and the point of views of both Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass towards the issue of slavery and the emancipation of slaves. Oakes interpretations of both men were very detailed in showing their reason and politics behind their positions they served in society on the topic of slavery. Abraham Lincoln, the republican, and FredrickRead MoreThe Radical And The Republican996 Words   |  4 Pages The Radical and the Republican Paper The Radical and the Republican by author James Oakes is an account of two idols that conquest over struggle during a time of great crisis, solidified in a specialist historian’s expertise of various writings on abolitionism, Abraham Lincoln, and the Civil War era. While Oakes is vigilant to dodge the evident dangers of hero-worship, his compassion for both Lincoln and Douglass is evident throughout. Oakes received the Lincoln Prize for his work on this manuscriptRead MoreThe Radical and the Republican Essay examples1771 Words   |  8 PagesYour Name Your Teacher Your Class Due Date The Radical and the Republican This book was a view on slavery between during the Civil War. It shows the different views of the Republican Party of Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass. These two had very different views at first, but then learned to adapt to each other and eventually became great friends. Frederick Douglass was born into slavery. He had a strong hatred toward slavery; not just because he was a slave, but because he thoughtRead MoreAbraham Lincoln vs the Radical Republicans Essay2594 Words   |  11 Pagespersonalities within his political cabinet lead to both the abolition of slavery and victory of the Civil War and how did it contrast with the principles of Radical Republicans? Table of Contents: INTRODUCTION†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..3 HISTORICAL CONTEXT†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.3 LINCOLN: GRADUAL EMANCIPATOR†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦......†¦.6 RADICAL REPUBLICANS: SWIFT EMANCIPATORS†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦9 CONCLUSION†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. WORKS CITED†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. Read MoreFollowing Lincolns death (?), Radical Republicans took control of Congress and attempted to create600 Words   |  3 Pages(?), Radical Republicans took control of Congress and attempted to create a social and constitutional revolution. To do so, they amended the Constitution and imposed the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments. Although the purpose of these amendments was to create black equality, the South resisted acceptance of these changes so that this could not be possible. In turn, there really were not any social developments even though the constitution had been changed. Lincoln was a moderate Republican and hadRead MoreHow Did The Radical Republican s Rise For The Failure Of The Post Civil War Reconstruction?1619 Words   |  7 Pagesinvestigation will explore the question: How did the Radical Republican’s rise to power contribute to the failure of the post-civil war reconstruction? The time between 1863, when Lincoln passed the ten percent act, until the year 1877, when reconstruction was officially ended, will be evaluated with information provided by the sources. The investigation will specifically look to how the Lincoln assassination allowed for the rise in the Radical Republican Party from 1866 to 1868 and the party’s effectRead MoreThe Kansas- Nebraska Act Essay1085 Words   |  5 PagesWhigs, Anti- Nebraska Democrats, Nativist groups and Abolitionists. These groups created the Republican Party. The Republican Party unlike parties before it was a purely sectional party. The Republican Party made its first real stand during th e election of 1856. During this election the Republican Party came close to winning the election by only taking the Northern states, this cemented the role of Republican Party as the successor of the Whig party and opponents to the Democrats. The slogan â€Å"FreeRead MoreTurning Points in History 1900s1080 Words   |  5 Pagesowner. It is believed that President Lincoln would have been able to control the Radical Republicans. Because Andrew Jackson was a southerner the Radical Republicans hated him before he took office. Politics where affected by the Assassination of Lincoln because the Radical Republicans led congress. Due to the hold that the Radical Republicans had on congress they were able to pass several new laws. The Radical Republicans almost immediately passed the 13th Amendment and the 14th Amendment. (The SocialRead MoreReconstruction : Johnson s Plans And His Battles With Congress1576 Words   |  7 Pages Reconstruction Johnson’s Plans and His Battles With Congress: Republican Abraham Lincoln chose Democratic Senator from Tennessee, in 1864, to be his vice presidential candidate. Abraham Lincoln was on the lookout for Southern support. He was hoping that choosing Johnson, would appeal the Southerners who never planned on leaving the union. Johnson also grew up in poverty. He hadn’t learned to write until he was around 20yrs old. He rose up to political power as a â€Å"backer† of a small farmer. InRead MoreDiffering Views on Reconstruction1090 Words   |  5 Pagespositions on Reconstruction emerged. These were divided into three opposing camps: Conservatives (democrats), Moderates, and Radicals. The Conservatives believed the South should be readmitted into the Union as soon as possible, but the Radicals and Moderates believed there should be consequences for succeeding. br brThe question of what those consequences should be separated Radical from Moderate. The answer to this question was as related to how important each side b elieved it was to enfranchise African

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Opening Organic Coffee Shops In Australia

Question: Writereport to describe a business research proposal on the topic of opening organic coffee shops in Australia. Answer: Opening Organic Coffee Shops In Australia Introduction The report describes a business research proposal on the topic of opening organic coffee shops in Australia. The business research encourages the growth and development of organic coffee shops throughout the country of Australia. There are a large number of people all over the world who prefers coffee more than their preference for tea or other beverages. The lovers of the coffee all over the world love to experiment with the different flavours of coffee. Coffees with different aromas and flavours are available all over the world. Coffees from different origins are also available in different parts of the world (Equalexchange.coop 2016). There are two types of coffee that are available in the markets all over the world. One is the organic coffee and the other one is the conventional coffee. If one considers the commodities that are most widely traded all over the world, coffee holds the highest position. The different coffee markets of the world produce over twelve billion pounds of coffee each year (Morris et al. 2013). This research proposal deals with the prospective and consequences of opening organic coffee shops in the country of Australia. The research proposal highlights the need for doing so. Literature review Since coffee is one such commodity that people all over the world uses widely, scholars and researchers have conducted extensive studies on the benefits and drawbacks of consumption of coffee. Researchers all over the world have also thrown light on the different flavours and types of coffee. The studies depict that there is high demand for coffee all over the world. So it is not a very easy task for the planters and producers of coffee to meet the needs of consumption of coffee. As time has gone by, the coffee planters have resorted to new and improved methods and techniques of coffee plantations all over the world. The new technology and methods of coffee plantations have affected the health of the people all over the world as well as that of the environment (Gitter et al. 2012). The new and improved methods of production of coffee gives rise to the conventional non organic variety of coffee that people all over the world uses largely. The studies of the researchers and scholars show that there is a lot of difference between the conventional coffees that people all over the world consumes and the organic coffee. Research works have proved the fact the conventional coffee is one such commodity that is treated heavily with chemicals. Coffee planters all over the world apply different types of chemicals like fungicides, pesticides, herbicides, insecticides and fertilizers to increase the production of coffee. The application of all the chemicals adversely affects the taste and quality of the coffee that people throughout the world consumes. This hampers the health of the consumers of coffee. This also degrades the environment. The coffee planters also harm themselves while spraying these chemicals to the coffee fields. Moreover, the use of such chemicals causes air, soil and water pollution (Morris et al. 2013). The erroneous and harmful techniques of the production of the conventional coffee drive the coffee producers all over the world to focus on the production of organic coffee. The articles and journals on organic coffee draw the attention of the people all over the world to the benefits that consumption of organic coffee has on the consumers. While growing organic coffee, the planters do not have to take help of the synthetic fertilisers to improve the production of organic coffee. The coffee planters all over the world grow the organic coffee by using organic fertilisers only. Some of these organic fertilizers include the compost, chicken manure or coffee pulp (Ferreira et al. 2013). Hence one can observe that the plantations of organic coffee do not have any negative impact on the environment. The studies on the organic coffee give the information that the organic coffee beans contain healthy antioxidants that help to improve the health of the people (Souza et al. 2015). The above discussion emphasizes on the fact that the government of different countries and also the coffee businessmen should encourage the coffee planter to produce more organic coffee than the conventional coffee. Australia is the land of rich natural resources. Nature has blessed the country with different natural resources that aid the production of organic coffee throughout the country. The coffee planters of Australia should utilize these natural resources to produce organic coffee, keeping in mind the health of the environment and the coffee consumers (do Nascimento et al. 2014). As a result the country can witness the opening of more outlets of the organic coffee shops in different places and districts of Australia. The government of the country should also encourage the opening of organic coffee shops all over the country. Research questions Based on the above discussion and considering the literature review of the topic of the research, the researcher can frame some research questions that would guide the researcher throughout the study. Some of the research questions that the researcher can frame from the above discussion are the following: Why, according to the consumers, is it necessary that the country should have more organic coffee shops? What are the factors that would help the shop owners to open outlets for organic coffee? How will the opening of organic coffee shops affect the profit generated by the coffee producing companies? These are some of the questions which the researcher wishes to answer by conducting the research. Description of the research methodology The researcher would complete the research process by following the few simple steps. It is necessary for the researcher to frame the steps which he would follow throughout the course of study. The author describes the following steps of the research methodology: Selection of the research topic: First, the researcher would select the research topic. Here, the topic of the research is the opening of organic coffee shops in Australia. Literature review: The researcher makes a review of some of the articles and journals based on the topic of the research. The literature review enables the researcher to get the idea of the background of the topic in question. The researcher also gathers secondary data on the topic from the literature review of the topic. Gantt chart: The researcher prepares a Gantt chart of the research process. The Gantt chart describes the duration of time that the researcher would take to complete different steps of the research process. Data collection: To conduct the research, the researcher would collect both primary as well as secondary data from different sources. The sources can be the websites of some of the coffee producing companies of Australia. The researcher also collects data by directly interviewing the coffee planters, the managers of the coffee shops and the consumers of coffee. Data analysis: The researcher analyses the data collected from the subjects by qualitative data analysis techniques. Conclusion and reporting: Finally, the researcher explains the findings and outcomes of the exploration. The researcher presents the outcomes of his research in a way that would be useful for both the owners of the coffee shops as well as the coffee lovers of the country (Mackey and Gass 2015). Gantt chart The researcher represents the important milestones of his study in a Gantt chart. The Gantt chart displays the duration that the researcher would require to make the literature review of the topic, to collect the data and to analyse it and to make the final report of the research. Task Start date Duration End date Literature Review 17th June 15.00 2nd July Data Collection 3rd July 60.00 3rd Sept Data Analysis 4th Sept 55.00 31st Oct Final Report Submission 1st Nov 30.00 30th Nov Description of the research process One of the main steps to conduct the research is to collect data from relevant sources. The researcher first applies a probability sampling method to select the sample from where the researcher would collect the data. The researcher would select some of the coffee shops in Australia to conduct the interview. The researcher would collect the data with the help of a questionnaire. The researcher interrogates with the owners and managers of these coffee shops and notes their views on some of the questions mentioned in the questionnaire. The researcher collects secondary data also. Then the analyst analyses the data collected by suitable data analysis techniques. The data analysis produces the results of the research (Flick 2015). The experimenter discusses the outcomes that he expects from the research. Description of the data collection and data analysis techniques The researcher collects the primary data with the help of the questionnaire. The questionnaire for this study contains open ended questions that are not very well structured. Some of the questions that the questionnaire contains may pertain to the views of the customers or the shop owners regarding the opening of the organic coffee shops in the country of Australia. The questions in the questionnaire may also want to know why the respondents feel that there is a need to open organic coffee shops in different places of the country. The respondents would mark their choices on a scale containing five parameters. The five different parameters of the marking scale ranges from the option of strongly agree to strongly disagree. The respondents have the freedom to mark any answer of their choice anonymously. The questionnaires are so designed that the identity of the respondents would not be disclosed at any point of the study (Lewis 2015). After collecting the information the researcher cleanses and validates the data. The researcher discards any erroneous or missing values from the data that is given by the respondents. The researcher treats the data collected from secondary sources also in the same way. Qualitative data analysis method consists of a range of procedures that helps to explain and understand the data and interpret the results in an efficient manner (Taylor et al. 2015). Qualitative analysis helps to explain the symbolic content and meaning of the data. There are two approaches in the qualitative data analysis that the researcher uses the inductive approach and the deductive approach (Grbich 2012). This completes the data analysis procedure of the research. Expected research outcomes The researcher expects that the research would have a positive impact on the consumers of coffee as well as the coffee shop owners. The results of the research would help the researcher find the answers to the research topics. The people involved in the business for producing coffee would get an idea about the importance of production of organic coffee over conventional coffee. The coffee shop owners would also get an idea of what the customer wants from the research. Conclusion: The business research proposal highlights the importance of organic coffee over the conventional coffee. Seeing the results of the research, one can easily conclude that the country Australia should encourage the opening of more organic coffee shops as organic coffee has a lot more advantages over the conventional coffee that people all over the world widely consumes. References: do Nascimento, L.M., Spehar, C.R. and Sandri, D., 2014. Productivity of organic coffee orchard in the Brazilian savannah after prunning and grown under different water regimes.Coffee Science,9(3), pp.354-365. Equalexchange.coop. (2016). Organic vs. Conventional Coffee | Equal Exchange. Ferreira, F.Z., Silveira, L.C.P. and Haro, M.M., 2013. Families of hymenopteran parasitoids in organic coffee cultivation in Santo Antonio do Amparo, MG, Brazil.Coffee Science,8(1), pp.1-5. Flick, U., 2015.Introducing research methodology: A beginner's guide to doing a research project. Sage. Gitter, S.R., Weber, J.G., Barham, B.L., Callenes, M. and Valentine, J.L., 2012. Fair trade-organic coffee cooperatives, migration, and secondary schooling in Southern Mexico.Journal of Development Studies,48(3), pp.445-463. Grbich, C., 2012.Qualitative data analysis: An introduction. Sage. Lewis, S., 2015. Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches.Health promotion practice, p.1524839915580941. Mackey, A. and Gass, S.M., 2015.Second language research: Methodology and design. Routledge. Morris, K.S., Mendez, V.E. and Olson, M.B., 2013. Los meses flacos: seasonal food insecurity in a Salvadoran organic coffee cooperative.The Journal of Peasant Studies,40(2), pp.423-446. Morris, K.S., Mendez, V.E., Lovell, S.T. and Olson, M., 2013. Conventional food plot management in an organic coffee cooperative: explaining the paradox.Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems,37(7), pp.762-787. Souza, A.G.C., Maffia, L.A., Silva, F.F., Mizubuti, E.S.G. and Teixeira, H., 2015. A time series analysis of brown eye spot progress in conventional and organic coffee production systems.Plant Pathology,64(1), pp.157-166. Taylor, S.J., Bogdan, R. and DeVault, M., 2015.Introduction to qualitative research methods: A guidebook and resource. John Wiley Sons.

Monday, April 13, 2020

I Know Why Caged Bird Sings Essays - I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings

I Know Why Caged Bird Sings I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings is an autobiography of the life of Maya Angelou. The book begins with the divorce of her parents, and Maya and her brother Bailey moving from St. Louis to Stamps, Arkansas, where their grandmother lives. Maya deals with sudden, unexpected separation from stability and security, sexual abuse, rape, racism, poverty, death, abandonment, solitude, and uncertainty all before the age of sixteen. After leaving the safety and comfort of life with her grandmother in Stamps, Arkansas, Maya and her older brother Bailey travel to St. Louis to live with their mother Vivian. After almost a year of not adjusting to city life, Maya becomes the victim of a savage rape, by her mother's boyfriend. It leaves her so traumatized that she stops speaking and slowly recovers after returning to Stamps to the love and care of Momma. After proudly graduating from junior high school and entering their teenage years, Maya and Bailey again go to live with their mother. She moves to San Francisco, where Maya feels more alone and insecure than ever. She has to come to terms with the feelings and issues of being a teenager, getting a job, finishing school, watching her brother pull away to find freedom, and an unexpected pregnancy. Eventually she overcomes all the cards stacked against her to give birth to a healthy son. Throughout I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings, the author lives in several towns and cities, all of which effect her differently. The fast-paced, noisy life Maya finds in St. Louis is totally foreign to her, and seems worlds away from the quiet, secure life she had in Stamps with Momma. Maya thrives and seems happiest and most comfortable in Stamps, with Momma, Bailey, and Uncle Willie. From the time that she was three until she was seven. The rural, poor southern town of Stamps was the only home that Maya knew. Maya was inspired to write her autobiography after meeting novelist James Baldwin, editor Robert Loomis, and cartoonist Jules Feiffer. She booked a downtown hotel room and wrote from six till noon on weekdays. She did this for six months, and by 1970 she had a manuscript for publication. After reading I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, I would like to say that it is a very interesting look into a turbulent life of a young troubled girl. I think that it was entertaining, but at the same time there were some serious issues dealt with by the author. It helped me realize how hard life can be for some people. I would strongly recommend this book to any mature reader. The author easily fulfills the goal of the novel. I think that her goal was to successfully give a feeling of what her life was like as she grew up. She deals with sexual abuse, rape, racism, poverty, death, abandonment, solitude and uncertainty, all before she was sixteen. The detailed accounts of the events in her life made me feel as if I was growing up along side of her. I could see her pain and anguish throughout her childhood years. I was affected most when she gave her feelings after she was raped. She wrote of the guilt and her fears of how the rape was her fault. Maya says, "I had sold myself to the Devil and there could be no escape. The only thing I could do was to stop talking to people other than Bailey...When I refused to be the child they knew and accepted me to be, I was called impudent and my muteness sullenness...The bareness of Stamps was exactly what I wanted, without will or consciousness. After St. Louis, with its noise and activity, its trucks and buses, and loud family gatherings, I welcomed the obscure lanes and lonely bungalows set back deep in dirt yards." This account of Maya's is an example of how she fulfills her goal of making the reader feel as if they were with her as she grew up. Angelou's writing style is descriptive and colorful; she uses many literary devices to emphasize scenes and conversations that show the development of her character. For example: Characterization "...when she was called upon to sing, she seemed to pull out plugs from behind her jaws and the huge, almost rough sound would pour over the listeners and throb in the air." Symbolism "Just my breath, carrying my words out, might poison people and they'd curl up and die like the black

Wednesday, March 11, 2020

Free Essays on Primate Evolution

Human evolution, the biological and cultural development of the species Homo Sapiens, or human beings. A large number of fossil bones and teeth have been found at various places throughout Africa, Europe, and Asia. It gives idea of human evolution during past 4 million to 5 million years. From a genome view point, the difference between modern man and the modern apes is only about 2 percent. From a physical viewpoint the greatest difference is in locomotion. The human walks upright, it is generally thought that this came about when the ancient hominid adopted the edge of the forest and plain and adapted to a life under the trees as opposed to in them. Fossil evidence shows that is bipedal adaptation was completed quite early, perhaps as early as four million years ago, long before we do today. Facial feature changes toward the modern appearance came much later. The facial characteristics, of modern man are about 100,000 years old. The faces of earlier hominid were much more apelike. Any mutation must be applied to a DNA coding that already exists. It can not be applied to coding that does not exist. is this a silly statement? No at all. It leads to the way that evolution changes an organism. Mutations a real ways applied to the existing DNA coding. Evolution makes something new out of something that already exists. If a bear becomes distressed in a given environment, it does not sprout wings and fly. Instead, such things as longer legs or claws will be tested. Also, evolution often does not fix the thing that causes a problem, it patches the problem by doing something unrelated. If an organism suffers a mutation that shortens its life so that it has difficulty rearing its children to childbearing age, that mutation will started being culled from the gene pool. Before that mutaion has been completely removed from the gene pool, another mutation may occur which shortens, the ge! station per... Free Essays on Primate Evolution Free Essays on Primate Evolution Human evolution, the biological and cultural development of the species Homo Sapiens, or human beings. A large number of fossil bones and teeth have been found at various places throughout Africa, Europe, and Asia. It gives idea of human evolution during past 4 million to 5 million years. From a genome view point, the difference between modern man and the modern apes is only about 2 percent. From a physical viewpoint the greatest difference is in locomotion. The human walks upright, it is generally thought that this came about when the ancient hominid adopted the edge of the forest and plain and adapted to a life under the trees as opposed to in them. Fossil evidence shows that is bipedal adaptation was completed quite early, perhaps as early as four million years ago, long before we do today. Facial feature changes toward the modern appearance came much later. The facial characteristics, of modern man are about 100,000 years old. The faces of earlier hominid were much more apelike. Any mutation must be applied to a DNA coding that already exists. It can not be applied to coding that does not exist. is this a silly statement? No at all. It leads to the way that evolution changes an organism. Mutations a real ways applied to the existing DNA coding. Evolution makes something new out of something that already exists. If a bear becomes distressed in a given environment, it does not sprout wings and fly. Instead, such things as longer legs or claws will be tested. Also, evolution often does not fix the thing that causes a problem, it patches the problem by doing something unrelated. If an organism suffers a mutation that shortens its life so that it has difficulty rearing its children to childbearing age, that mutation will started being culled from the gene pool. Before that mutaion has been completely removed from the gene pool, another mutation may occur which shortens, the ge! station per...

Monday, February 24, 2020

Privilege Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Privilege - Essay Example For instance, a reading culture was developed in me at an early age. I did a lot of reading as a child, sometimes for two to three hours a day, and this habit has persisted in my adulthood. Even though I did not notice it, my reading that had been encouraged by my parents gave me a great advantage over other children who were the same age as I was. This large amount of reading was critical in enhancing my abilities to write and read which, is a privilege that is not available to all children. My family also had home-made meals together almost every day of the week, with appropriate settings that were done by my mother. Growing up, I hated the idea of being forced to clean up before taking a seat at the dinner table. Eventually I understood that these meals and bonding with my family provided me a chance to learn good manners, acquire communication skills, and the capacity to discuss and disagree without being disrespectful. I also travelled a lot as I grew up as a result of the job my parents did. Even though sometimes I missed my friends and people that I was familiar with, I still got a chance to visit a lot of places and almost all the states in the country. I also got the chance to travel to Canada, the United Kingdom and Mexico where I met and interacted with many different people from diverse backgrounds. I was able to take hikes in the Grand Canyon, go kayaking among the sea lions while we were visiting Northern California and visit various national monuments that are in Washington DC. Regardless of the fact that most of the trips that were taken by my family were within the United States, I still had a privilege that most of the children do not have as they do not travel as much as I did. Most of the children I grew up with considered my life as being privileged and it usually offended me when they mentioned this to me. My family