Friday, May 24, 2019

Research Proposal for Research Method Final

TABLE OF CONTENTS Table of Contents.. 1 1. Dissertation Title. .. 3 2. Introduction . 3 2. 1 Introduction to Dissertation.. 3 2. 2 seek Questions. 4 2. 3 Research Objectives . 4 3. Literature brushup 5 3. 1 Online Shopping in china5 3. 2 conception of E- improvement Quality 5 3. 3 Dimensions of E- helping Quality. 4. Research Model 6 4. 1 clear station Design7 4. 2 Easy of Use. 7 4. 3 Responsiveness8 4. 4 Reliability. 8 4. 5 Security. 9 4. 6 Trust. 9 5. Research Methods9 5. 1 Qualitative Research. 9 5. 2 Quantitative Research. 10 5. Proposed Research Method10 6. Collection of Data. 10 6. 1 second-string Data.. 10 6. 2 ancient Data. . 10 6. 2. 1 Sample Size of Primary Data11 7. Method of Data abbreviation11 8. Presentation of Dissertation 11 9. Ethical Issues.. 12 10. Timetable 13 11. Resourses References 14 1. Dissertation TitleA study of circumstanceors influencing client perceived E-service step in online shopping 2. Introduction 2. 1 Introduction to Dissertation Nowadays , with the rapid development of information and communication technology cyberspace has been admited an important single-valued function in peoples life and regarded as a life-or-death tool to do business for them. More and more than companies now ar move to make full subprogram of it as a platform to start their businesses and develop their electronic commerce in mesh (Dave Chaffey, 2004), with the purpose of gaining more matched advantages and change magnitude their market shargon.Many of them would like to create their own company web lays and publish the information ab extinct their products including the prices and the features in that respect, which facilitate customers well informed, better known the price and otherwise information in time when they atomic number 18 seeking for service and products online. According to this way, companies can interact with customers directly, which is quick different form the way of traditional transactions.However, with the inc reasing come ups of companies participating on the Internet market and the growth of online shopping, the competition among online retailers has become more and more fierce. It requires online retailers to look for some strategies to better compete with their competitors and coax customers to their online shopping service, which are the main issues for them. Typically, providing competitive and low price and more products selected to customers is considered as the major way for online retailers to remediate their products and service selling and therefore to rise their competitive advantages.But now, instead, more and more businesses are realizing that there is anther factor affecting their online business performance besides the above factors mentioned, that is, their online service shade offered to customers, which is also called electronic service quality. Jun et al. (2004) has claimed that the e-service quality differentiation has become the most important factor for online retailers to attract and retain their customers in online shopping.Yang (2001) and Zeithaml (2002) also have declared that the key determinants of the victor for online retailers are not only including the website presence and the lower price offered to customers, but also including the electronic service quality. Therefore, electronic service quality has been as a crucial factor that determined a company doing a successful business in internet market. As a result, many of retailers in China now are trying to focus on their online service quality and quick motivated by it. However, only knowing e-service quality was a crucial factor for doing successful business is not enough for online retailer.The problem is before providing good e-service quality to customers and increasing the advantages, it is very important and needed for online retailers to know and actualize how the customer evaluates their electronic service quality as a foundation for improving their selling, encouragin g people to buy relative frequency and gain customer loyalty. 2. 2 Research Questions This research investigates what factors influencing Chinese customers perceived e-service quality in online shopping. This is helpful for online retailers better understand what kind of e-service quality their online customers want and what aspect need to improve for their service.RQ What are the factors influence customers perceived e-service quality in online shopping? 2. 3 Research Objectives This study aims to To examine how Chinese consumer perceived e-service quality in online shopping. To bring out the factors influencing customer perceive e-service quality in online shopping. 3. Literature Review 3. 1 Online Shopping in China According to the China Internet Network info Center (CNNIC), China is now the worlds largest Internet population country and the internet population in 2008 has been up to 298 million which was up by 41. % as compared with yr 2007. With this rapid growth of the I nternet population, the developments of online retailing has been becoming so fast. According to iResearch, there were around 120 million people registered in internet as online shoppers in 2008 and the transaction value of online shopping in this year has reached to 128. 1 billion Yuan, which was up by 128. 5% as compared with year 2007. Industry experts expect that this growth trend of internet population and customers transactions online would be increased and extended in the next following years. . 2 Concept of E-service Quality Berry, Parasuraman and Zeithaml (1988) stated that service quality is a result which was perceived by customers that came from a comparison between customer expectations and desires addressed to the supplyr of products or service and the customers perception of the actual service received. It also can be defined as a service conformance to customer desires and requirements, or the ability of the product and service that satisfying customer needs as they expected. According to Ziethaml (2002) and Ziethaml et al. 2002), e-service quality is defined as the extent to which a website facilitates cost-effective and effective shopping, purchasing and delivery of products and services. . 3. 3 Dimensions of E-service Quality Many researches have been do for the dimensions of determining customers evaluating e-service quality over the last two decades. Zeithaml (2002) has argued that there are eleven dimensions affecting customers evaluating the e-service quality online, which include reliability, responsiveness, access, flexibility, ease of navigation, efficiency, assurance/trust, shelter/privacy, site aesthetics, price knowledge and personalization.Jun, Yang and Peterson (2004) also have develop a framework consisting of 10 dimensions measuring customer service quality which include responsiveness (prompt response), reliability (accurate and efficient response), competence, access (accessibility of service and contact information), per sonalization, courtesy, continuous improvement, communication, convenience, and escort while Janda et al. (2002) has claimed that there are four dimensions of measuring e-service quality in his framework they are access, security, sensation, and information/content. Besides, Parasuraman et al. 2005) has described that the efficiency, system availability, ful contractment and privacy are the core four dimensions influencing the core e-service quality. Moreover, Wolfinbarger and Gilly (2003) have discussed that the web site design is also a main dimensions affecting customers perceived e-service quality in internet market except reliability, security and customer service. What is more, Yoo and Donthu (2001) in their framework also have concluded that ease of use, aesthetic design processing speed and security are the measures evaluating the e-service quality. 4 Research Model The research model is a formed from various past researches.E-service quality variables that consist of relia bility and responsiveness are adapted from Santos (2003) and Zeithaml (2002), Jun, Yang and Peterson (2004) Security and trust are adapted from Zeithaml (2002), Janda et al. (2002) and Yoo and Donthu (2001) Besides, Website Design is adapted from Wolfinbarger and Gilly (2001, 2002) while easy of use is adapted from Yoo and Donthu (2001). pic Source Create for this research 4. 1 Website Design Parasuraman et al. (1998) Kim and Lee (2002) defined website design is customer perceptions of degree of the user friendliness in using an online store.It is usually related to the design of the web site and regarding about the aesthetic elements of the website, much(prenominal) as the color, graphics, etc (Wolfinbarger and Gilly 2003). It is intimately relative to how is the website looks is it looking very good and attractive to people or very bad when they visit, and is the website operablely more creative than others. Gronroos et al. (2000) claimed that a well-designed website creates a n interest in the firm and its offerings, and it should also offer the users opportunities to reconstruct the website in their minds so that it matches their cognitive structures 4. 2 Easy of UseLoiacono et al. (2002) stated that ease of use usually is relative with ease of understanding, which involves these three parts. First of all, the web site labels should be easy to understand Secondary, The text on the Web site should be easy to read thirdly, the display pages within the Web site are easy to read. Perceive ease of use is usually closely bound up with messaging, browsing, and downloading activities. Appropriate graphic and structural site designed website usually help to achieve easy of use and relevant content with optical appeal and therefore inhibit the customer frustration (Janda et al. 2002). 4. 3 ReliabilityReliability has been considered as one of the important factors that have the most influence affecting people on shopping online. It is the ability to perform the s ervice consistently and accurately. Santos (2003) also has described that it is the ability of online retailers that delivering the promised service to customers accurately and consistently which is consisted of updating the web site frequency for them and replying to their enquiries promptly, etc. It is a measure of coming from customers perceptions that whether they should count on their merchants or not, especially when the time comes to fulfill the promise for them.It is usually associated with the risk (Vijayasarathy and Jones, 2000). Online consumers usually exceedingly want to receive the items that they have booked on the internet market with the right quality and the right quantity, which was promised by the retailers before, and besides customers also would like them to be billed accurately (Kim et al. 2004). 4. 4 Responsiveness Responsiveness is a willingness to help customers and provide prompt service (Chaffey, 2004). It usually measures whether a company can provide t he appropriate information to its customers or not when there are some problems happened.It is therefore a kind of abilities that alloting with complaints and promptness of the service effectively (Santos 2003), such as an arrangement for online guarantees and a mechanism for handing returns (Wang, 2003). Hence, providing correct and fast responses to customers usually can help them to resolve their problems timely. Thus, it is an important way to increase the convenience and reduce the uncertainty to customers for online retailers and showing them that they are customer-oriented (Gummerus et al. , 2004). 4. 5 Security,According to Merriam-Websters Collegiate Dictionary, Security is the quality or state of being secure, which includes independence from danger and freedom from fear or anxiety. Security also means something that secures including measures taken to guard against espionage or sabotage, crime, attack, or escape. In an information technology context, security is a set o f procedures, techniques, and safeguards designed to protect the hardware, software, entropy, and other system resources from unauthorized access, use, modification, or theft (Davis and Benamati, 2003). 4. 6 Trust Claire, 2005) has argued that trust is an important issue for online purchase and faultfinding for their success. On the Internet market, trust is usually related to the process of buying and payment between the buyers and the sellers. Besides, trust is also shown on the reliability of the website and how the privacy and securities cut off for customers. Moreover, the fulfillment of order, after sales service are also the main sources of trust. 5. Research Methods Research can be descriptive or explanatory. Description and score can be seen as part of a circular model of research.This process can work in two ways inductively or deductively (Veal, 2005). inducive research is a study in which theory is developed from the observation of empirical reality (Yin 2003). The d eductive process is apply to test the hypothesis against data (Veal, 2005). 5. 1 Qualitative Research Quantitative and qualitative are two principle research methodologies (Hussey and Hussey 1997). Qualitative approaches involve gathering a great deal of information about a relatively small number of subjects rather than a limited amount of information about a large number of subjects.Qualitative approaches are utilize when he researcher accepts that the concepts, terms and critical issues should be defined by the subjects of the research and not by the researchers. They are often use for the study of groups particularly where interaction between group members is of interest. They are also used when exploratory theory building, rather than theory testing, is undertaken. The methods used to gather qualitative information include observation, informal, unstructured and in-depth interviewing, and participant observation (Veal, 2005). 5. 2 Quantitative ResearchQuantitative approach to research involves the gathering and analysis of numerical data. It relies on numerical evidence to draw conclusions or test hypotheses. To be sure of the reliability of the result it is often necessary to study relative large numbers of people or organizations-subjects-and therefore to use computers to analyze the data. Typically, the aim is for the sample studied to be representative of some wider population, so that the results can be generalized to that wider population. The data might be derived from questionnaires-based, surveys, from observation or from secondary sources, such as sales data (Veal, 2005). . 3 Proposed Research Method Based on the research methods identified above, the next step should be focus on the choosing of research methods to apply in the research. In this study, deductive research approach and three-figure method would be selected and used to do the dissertation. 6. Collection of Data 6. 1 Secondary Data According to Boyce (2002), secondary Data is d efined as fact and figures that already exist and that may be available to people who would like to access and use them for own purpose. Secondary data have the potential to play an important part in any research process, particular in the design of a project.It provides background information that helps the researcher to understand the task more clearly, without it, the research would be difficult to ensure the validity and reliability. It is inexpensive and available quickly compared with principal(a) data. Thus, in this research, secondary data would be widely used and to support this study. 6. 2 Primary Data Primary data are facts and figures that are newly collected for the project (Kerin et al, 2003). Most market research sets out to obtain primary data and the main methods used to do this are survey and focus groups and depth interviews.Survey is often interviewing large numbers of people and asked themto fill in answers to questionnaires. In focus groups and depth interview s, small numbers of carefully selected people give their opinions in detail in an informal and unstructured condition (Boyce 2002). Primary data are usually far more costly and time consuming to collect than secondary data. 6. 2. 1 Sample Size of Primary Data It is very crucial and important to determine the sample size of project. Generally speaking, the more sample sizes collected, the more accuracy the research.In this research, the sample size of primary data will be medium scale and sent to over 200 survey respondents which are conduct to the group and individuals will select from consumer who are willing to complete the questionnaire. Around 100 survey respondents will be asked to fill in the questionnaires directly and the other 100 samples will be done online by sending emails to people. 7. Method of Data Analysis The data gathered would be statistically analyzed and to see whether the hypotheses that were generated have been supported (Bryman, and Bell, 2007).For this stud y, the researcher would use the SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Science) to do the data analysis after collecting back the survey questionnaires from all the respondents. 8. Presentation of Dissertation This dissertation will be presented several graphs and data figures to supported writing and facilities readers. 9. Ethical Issues Respondents information will be kept confidential as per university guidelines. 10. Timetable Month March ,2010 April, 2010 May, 2010 Content workweek 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Problems Identification Literature Review Research Design Chose of Methodology Data Source Data Collection Data Analysis Writing Up Draft Editing Final instrument Organizing Of Document Source Create for this research ResourcesReferences Sekaran, U. (2003), Research Methods for Business A Skill-Building Approach, 4th edi tion, the United States of America John Wiley &Sons, Inc. Hussey, J. and Hussey, R. (1997), Business Research A practical guide for undergraduate and postgraduate students, MacMillan Business, London. John Boyce, (2002), Market Research in Practice, McGraw Hill, Australia. A . J. Veal, (2005), Business Research Methods a managerial approach, 2nd edition, Pearson Education Australia. Roger A Kerin. , Eric N Berkowitz. , Steven W. Harhey. , William Rudelius, (2003), Marketing, 7th edition, McGraw Hill/Irwin, America.William S. Davis and John Benamati, (2003), E-Commerce Basics Technology Foundations and E-business Applications, Pearson Education Inc. Bryman, A. and Bell, E. (2007), Business research methods, 2nd edition, Oxford Oxford University Press. Dave Chaffey, (2004). E-business and E-commerce Management, 2nd edition, Pearson Education Limited, UK. Yin, RK (2003), Case Study Research Design and Method, 3rd edition. London Sage Yang, Z. , Jun, M. , and Peterson, Robin T. , (2004) , Measuing customer perceived online service quality, International Journal of Operations and Production Management. Yang, Z. (2001), Customer perceptions of service quality in internet-based electronic commerce, proceeding of the 30th EMAC Conference, Bergen. Jun, M. , Yang, Z. and Kim, D. S. (2004), Customers perceptions of online retailing service quality and their satisfaction, International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management. Zeithaml,V. A. (2002), renovation excellence in electronic channels, Journal of Managing improvement Quality. Parasuraman, Arun. , Zeithaml, Valarie. , and Malhorta, Arvind. , (2002). Service Quality Delivery Through Web Sites A Critical Review of extant Knowledge, Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science.Parasuraman, A. , Zeithaml, V. A. , and Berry, L. L. (1988). SERVQUAL A Multiple Item Scale for Measuring Consumer Perceptions of Service Quality, Journal of Retailing. Parasuraman, A. , Zeithaml, V. A. and Malhotra, A. (2005), E-S-Qual a mu ltiple-item scale for assessing electronic service quality, Journal of Service Research. Loiacono, E. , Watson, R. T. , and Goodhue, D. L (2002). WEBQUAL a Measure of Website Quality. In AMA Winter Conference, Austin, TX. Janda, S. , Trocchia, P. J. , and Gwinner, K. (2002), Consumer perceptions of Internet Retail Service Quality, International Journal of Service Industry Management.Wolfinbarger, M. and Gilly, M. C. (2003), ETAILQ dimensionalizing, measuring and predicting e-tail quality, Journal of Retailing Wolfinbarger, M. and Gilly, M. C. (2002), COMQ dimensionalizing, measuring and predicting quality of the e-tailing experience, MSI working paper series, no. 02-100, Marketing Science Institute, Boston, MA. Yoo, B. and Donthu, N. (2001), Developing a scale to measure the perceived service quality of internet shopping sites (sitequal), Quarterly Journal of Electronic Commerce. Vijayasarathy, L. and Jones, J. M. 2000), Print and Internet catalog shopping assessing attitudes and in tentions, Internet Research Electronic Networking Applications and Policy. Santos, F. (2003), E-service Quality A Model of Virtual Service Quality Dimensions, Journal of Managing Service Quality. Gummerus,J. , Liljander,Pura, M and van R, Aiel, (2004), Customers loyalty to content-based web site the case of an online health-care service, Journal of Service Marketing . Gronroos, Christian, Heinonen, Fredrik, Isoniemi, Kristina, and Lindholm, Michael (2000). The NetOffer Model A Case Example from the Virtual Marketspace.Journal of Management Decision Wang, Y. S, (2003), Assessing customer perceptions of Websites service quality in digital marketing environments, Journal of End User Computing. Zeithaml, V. A. , Parasuraman, A. , and Berry, L. L. , (1988) SERVQUAL A Multiple Item Scale for Measuring Consumer Perceptions of Service Quality, Journal of Retailing. Http//www. cnnic. net. cn/en/ advocate/ Http//www. iresearch. com. cn/html/Default. html Website Design Easy of Use Reliabilit y Perceived E-service Quality On-line Shopping Responsiveness Security Trust

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